Wednesday, July 19, 2017

ANOTHER BACKOVER DEATH: Worker Donald Ray Moyer II, 51, with Wiest Asphalt Products & Paving was killed when he was struck by a co-worker’s bucking dump truck during a paving project in Jefferson Township, PA

JEFFERSON TWP, PA — Authorities say a 51-year-old Butler area man was killed this morning when he was struck by a co-worker’s dump truck during a paving project.

State police are investigating but they did not release the man’s name. He was part of a crew for Wiest Asphalt Products & Paving.

The victim, who was wearing a bright yellow shirt, was behind a company truck on Great Belt Road in Jefferson Township about 7:30 a.m. when the truck accidentally backed over him, authorities said.

The crew was reportedly paving nearby Becker Road at the time.

Butler County Chief Deputy Coroner John Hanovick pronounced the man dead at 8:30 a.m. An autopsy was planned this afternoon

Hanovick said the preliminary cause of death is listed as massive injuries to the head and chest. 


JEFFERSON TOWNSHIP, PA (KDKA) — A road crew worker was killed on the site of a paving project in Jefferson Township Tuesday morning.

It happened around 7:45 a.m. at the intersection of Great Belt Road and Becker Road.

State police say 51-year-old Donald Ray Moyer II, of Franklin Township, was part of the paving crew on a roadway paving project.

A work-site vehicle struck Moyer, killing him. He was pronounced dead at the scene.

Further details on the incident have not been released.

The investigation is ongoing.

·         Brief all employees on the facts and circumstances of this fatal incident.
·         In accordance with OSHA Construction Standards, properly equip motor vehicles used in construction environments with audible devices that may be heard over other sounds when being backed-up.
·         Revisit safety programs and JSA information to ensure they are applicable to OSHA standards necessary for the work to be performed.
·         Use a spotter when backing equipment near other personnel as required.
·         Utilize high visibility outer garments.
·         Be aware of your surroundings.
·         Avoid wearing clothing or hooded garments which limit your field of view.
·         Use of approved FRC helmet liners is preferred, as they turn with your head.
·         Ensure that pre-tour safety meetings are conducted to discuss the work to be performed, identifying the potential safety hazards and implementing safe work procedures to control hazards.
·         Ensure the safety meeting information is provided to all employees.

Preventing Backovers

A backover incident occurs when a backing vehicle strikes a worker who is standing, walking, or kneeling behind the vehicle. These incidents can be prevented. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, over 70 workers died from backover incidents in 2011. These kinds of incidents can occur in different ways. For example:

On June 18, 2009, an employee was working inside a work zone wearing his reflective safety vest. A dump truck operating in the work zone backed up and struck the employee with the rear passenger side wheels. The employee was killed. The dump truck had an audible back up alarm and operating lights. (OSHA Inspection Number 313225377)

On June 9, 2010, an employee was standing on the ground in front of a loading dock facing into the building while a tractor trailer was backing into the same dock. The trailer crushed the employee between the trailer and the dock. (OSHA Inspection Number 314460940)

The purpose of this webpage is to provide information about the hazards of backovers; solutions that can reduce the risk or frequency of these incidents; articles and resources; and references to existing regulations and letters of interpretation.

How do backover incidents occur?

Backover accidents can happen for a variety of reasons. Drivers may not be able to see a worker in their blind spot. Workers may not hear backup alarms because of other worksite noises or because the alarms are not functioning. A spotter assisting one truck may not see another truck behind him. Workers riding on vehicles may fall off and get backed over. Drivers may assume that the area is clear and not look in the direction of travel (PDF*). Sometimes, it is unclear why a worker was in the path of a backing vehicle. A combination of factors can also lead to backover incidents.

What can be done to prevent backover incidents?

Many solutions exist to prevent backover incidents. Drivers can use a spotter to help them back up their vehicles. Video cameras with in-vehicle display monitors can give drivers a view of what is behind them. Proximity detection devices, such as radar and sonar, can alert drivers to objects that are behind them. Tag-based systems can inform drivers when other employees are behind the vehicle and can alert employees when they walk near a vehicle equipped to communicate with the tag worn by the employee. On some work sites, employers can create internal traffic control plans, which tell the drivers where to drive and can reduce the need to back up. In some cases, internal traffic control plans can also be used to separate employees on foot from operating equipment.

Training is another tool to prevent backover incidents. Blind spots behind and around vehicles are not immediately obvious to employees on foot. By training employees on where those blind spots are and how to avoid being in them, employers can prevent some backover incidents. One component of this training can include putting employees who will be working around vehicles in the driver’s seat to get a feel for where the blind spots are and what, exactly, the drivers can see. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) several blind spot diagrams that can help explain what drivers of various large trucks can see.

Vehicles Causing the Most Backover Fatalities 2005-2010+
Dump Truck
Semi/Tractor Trailer
Garbage Truck
Pick-up Truck



Backing vehicles and equipment are a serious occupational hazard. The Bureau of Labor Statistics states that, of the 443 struck-by fatalities at road construction sites between 2003 and 2010, 143 cases involved a vehicle or mobile equipment backing up.

To help prevent backover injuries and deaths, NIOSH recommends a number of standard operating procedures:

·         Create and enforce an operating procedure that addresses how to work safely and lists best practices to follow when working near vehicles and other equipment.
·         Establish safety procedures for working at night with backing equipment. Ensure high-visibility apparel is worn.
·         Take precautions. Use equipment that creates minimal blind spots or has proximity warning devices.
·         Before work begins, design the worksites to minimize or eliminate the need for backing vehicles and equipment.
·         Hire a competent person to supervise worksites involving backing vehicles and equipment.
·         Be sure drivers know not to back up equipment unless they are under the direction of a spotter.
·         Use barrels, barricades, cones or reflective devices to guide vehicles and equipment away from workers.
·         Post signs informing workers where it is safe to walk.

NIOSH states that before work begins, vehicle and equipment operators need to inspect their machinery for any issues. Ensure everything, including mirrors and windows, is clear and in good working order. If something is found to be defective, remove the vehicle or equipment from service until repairs are made.
When operating equipment, know its blind spots. If you lose contact with your spotter for any reason, immediately stop work.

NIOSH also notes that clear communication is key. “At the start of each shift, review communications signals (verbal, hand signals, flags) between spotters, machine operators, truck drivers, and workers on foot,” the agency states.
For workers on foot near backing vehicles or equipment, NIOSH recommends employees adhere to the following:

·         Wear appropriate high-visibility personal protective equipment.
·         Know the blind spots of vehicles and equipment you work near.
·         Never approach a piece of equipment or vehicle without a clear signal of acknowledgment from the operator.
·         Avoid areas where vehicles and equipment travel.
·         Stay alert for the sound of reversing alarms.
·         Avoid complacency. Always know your surroundings.